Much has been said recently about Translucent Pardo Professional Art Clay. It’s a polymer clay that has been rumored to be the clearest translucent polymer clay on the market. I’ve worked with it, and yes, it is incredibly clear. But is it the clearest translucent polymer clay? Cindy Leitz made a video comparing Pardo to other brands and here’s my comparison of Cernit to Pardo. But I wanted to see them all together. So I did what any mad scientist would do. I ran my own tests. In the spirit of a scientific research paper, here are my findings.
What’s the Clearest Translucent Polymer Clay?
- Each brand’s translucent clay has its own characteristics. They’re not all alike.
- Pardo and Cernit’s translucents are the most clear by far, and have little color cast.
- Premo’s translucent polymer clays are quite clear, but have a beige color cast.
- Fimo, Sculpey III, and Kato have translucent clays that are not very clear.
- Any translucent will be cloudy when thick, none are perfectly transparent.
- Most translucents will brown easily if your oven’s temperature is incorrect.
- Pardo, however, becomes much more clear when baked hot and is remarkably heat tolerant with little browning.
- Pardo has two types of clear translucent and they’re not the same. Read more here.
- The clearest translucent polymer clay brands work well for faux glass effects.
- The less clear brands of translucent polymer clay work nicely for faux stone effects and to give a less chalky effect to your colors.
- For more info about working with translucent clays, check out the Translucent Clay FAQ
Materials and Methods
I compared every polymer clay brand’s translucent that I could find. I conditioned each clay, carefully avoiding the introduction of bubbles. I rolled sample sheets in the thickest setting (#1) on my Atlas pasta machine and the thinnest (#8) that I could make (the machine goes to a #9, but I’ve never had clay come through that alive). The thick setting is about 1/8″ (3mm) and the thinnest is about the thickness of a playing card. I baked all brands according to the directions on the package (which I have to say don’t give the best results). All of the clay I used was recently purchased and appeared to be fresh, with the exception of the Cernit. The package I have is several years old.
The brands of translucent polymer clay I tested, and the temperatures/times used were:
- Pardo Professional Art Clay, 250°F (121°C) for 30 minutes
- Cernit, 265°F (130°C) for 30 minutes
- Kato Polyclay, 300°F (150°C) for 10 minutes
- Fimo Effect, 230°F (110°C) for 30 minutes
- Sculpey III, 275°F (135°C) for 15 minutes
- Premo Translucent, 275°F (135°C) for 30 minutes
- Premo White Translucent, 275°F (135°C) for 30 minutes
I baked these in a full size oven which has been checked for temperature accuracy. I baked all samples on a ceramic tile inside of a covered foil pan.
I started this experiment fully expecting that Translucent Pardo Art Clay would be the clearest translucent polymer clay. So imagine my surprise when in this side by side direct comparison we see that Pardo Translucent Art Clay, while very transparent, is not appreciably more transparent than other brands, in particular Cernit and Premo. It is obvious in this photograph, though, that Sculpey III and Kato Translucent are not particularly translucent. (***See note below about Kato Polyclay.)
Results by Brand Name
Pardo Professional Art Clay
The favorite going into this test, Pardo is certainly no slouch. You can read through it as cleanly as several of the other brands. The big plus for Pardo, though, is how white it is. The clay is white when raw, and once baked this does not change. But a troubling feature of Pardo Art Clay is that it forms tiny air bubbles or inclusions. No matter how carefully I conditioned this clay, these little air pockets occurred. If you’re trying to get a glass-like finish, this could be a deal-breaker. By the way, there are two types of Pardo clear translucent. Only the Art Clay is shown here. The Agate from the Pardo Translucent line is much more similar to Cernit, which can read in this article.
Cernit was every bit as clear as Pardo. You can easily read through a thin sheet. A thick sheet is not any less clear than the other brands and compared very favorably to Pardo. It bakes without a color cast. It’s also very heat tolerant and very unlikely to brown when baked properly. It’s an excellent all-purpose translucent clay.
Kato Polyclay was the most opaque of all the translucent polymer clays tested. It was not as tan as the Sculpey and Premo. It had more of a yellowish tinge. The color and opacity of Kato didn’t appear to change much during baking. It also tends to brown VERY readily when baked very long.
***Note*** I disagree with the directions on the Kato Polyclay package. The package clearly states that 10 minutes is the recommended baking time. But both the thin and thick samples of baked Kato snapped accidentally while I was taking photographs. I work with Kato all the time. It’s my preferred clay brand, and I’ve never had it break like this! But I always bake it at 300°F (150°C) for 30 minutes. I think it would be safe to guess that Kato Polyclay would be more translucent if baked longer than 10 minutes. I’ll check on this someday. But for now, I’m not condemning Kato.
I was pleasantly surprised with Fimo Effect. It was easy to work with and the color was absolutely white. While it was not very translucent, it did not impart a color at all. I don’t really recommend Fimo Effect unless you’re making it paper thin. Anything thicker will be quite opaque.
Sculpey III is an inexpensive hobby clay that is disliked by serious polymer clay artists, so I was not surprised at its poor performance. I’ll leave working qualities for another day. But for now, it’s obvious how this is a strongly colored, quite opaque clay.
What a pleasant surprise! Although it does have a color in both the raw and cured state, Premo Translucent is a very translucent clay in both thin and thick sheets. If you’re working with earth colors, this might be your best choice as the natural slightly amber color works to your advantage, yet it’s still quite translucent.
Premo White Translucent
I will have to admit that I was not expecting Premo White Translucent to perform as well as it did. It is just as translucent as Pardo or Cernit. And although it does have a tan color, that color does not get in the way of being translucent. You can read through both the thick and thin sheets as well as with any other brand. The only drawback is the tint. It is not quite white. By the way, the ONLY difference between Premo Translucent and Premo White Translucent is optical brightener. You can read about that here.
Discussion -Which is the clearest translucent polymer clay?
Is Translucent Pardo Professional Art Clay the clearest translucent polymer clay on the market? Yes. And no. No other clay is clearer. Cernit is certainly just as easy to read through and is just as white. But it’s not better than Pardo. Premo White Translucent is just as easy to read through as Pardo, but it has a tint.
So which translucent polymer clay should you buy? It depends on your use. If you’re going to be tinting the clay with alcohol inks or other art materials, then you really need one that is both translucent and clear white. Pardo or Cernit are going to give you the best results in that case. But if you’re needing a background to pack a millefiori cane then a 50/50 mix of Cernit and Pardo Art Clay is probably your best choice. If you’re wanting a clear layer over your design or you’re working with mokume gane, then I’d pick my clay based on either the physical properties (softness, cure temperature) or the colors I am using. If my design features warm tones then the brownish tinge of the Premo translucent clays would not be a detriment and they’d work well.
So Pardo Art Clay isn’t the clearest translucent polymer clay?
Well, here’s where it gets weird. I performed the above tests using the manufacturer’s recommended temperatures and times. But polymer clay artists are reporting that Translucent Pardo Professional Art clay becomes much more translucent when baked at higher or longer temperatures. Is there any truth to this? You know I had to check, don’t you?
I also baked a thin and thick sheet of Translucent Pardo Professional Art Clay at 300°F (150°C) for 30 minutes. When baked at this temperature, a waxy residue forms on the surface of the clay and this needs to be removed before painting, gluing, or finishing the piece. But aside from that, wow is it clearer! It is remarkably more clear than Cernit when baked at a higher temperature. The piece also had fewer of the little air bubbles or inclusions. Cindy Lietz baked her test Pardo piece for an hour at 250°F ( 121°C). She found that there were even fewer of the pesky air bubbles. So perhaps baking at 300°F (150°C) for an hour is something to try.
If you can find Translucent Pardo Art Clay, then by all means buy it and have fun. It’s a fantastic clay to work with. But if you can’t find it, or if you’re not comfortable purchasing polymer clay online, then all is not lost.
Translucent Cernit polymer clay is just as white and as clear as Pardo Art Clay when baked at the recommended temperatures. If you want a clean, clear clay that imparts no color to your finished piece, Cernit is an excellent choice. Especially if you can’t tolerate the physical imperfections that Pardo can have. Cernit sort of looks like frosted glass when cured. But it’s not as clear as Pardo baked at higher temperatures.
Premo White Translucent is just as clear as Pardo Art Clay and depending on your use can give you remarkably clear results.
Curious about Pardo Translucent? For more information about Translucent Pardo Professional Art Clay, check out my post that I wrote about it. I discuss strategies for curing it, how it behaves, and I show several examples of its use. I also discuss where to buy it and give a couple of suppliers.
I didn’t write this article to compare the physical qualities of the different translucent polymer clay brands. They are very different and sometimes you have to choose your clay based on factors other than translucence. That is part of the art of polymer clay. It’s a highly technical medium that is easy to dabble in but it takes a lot of experience and experimentation to know which materials to choose and how to manipulate the materials to get the results you want. Discussing the features, qualities, uses, and performance of the different brands is something I’ll leave for another day.
In the meantime, I have a bin full of Pardo Translucent. And I’m going to get busy. Stay tuned!
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